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The Sixties, Fall 2018:
The Third World Movement
 
 Detail of mural by René Mederos.

Course number TBA
Mon/Thurs 11:05-12:30
Classroom TBA

To make time for films, music, or student presentations, seminar meetings will often end at 1:00 or 1:30.
See the class schedule for details.

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Class Work
   
Reading
All of the required reading is on reserve at the library or available online. Texts listed below are also on sale at the campus bookstore. Or, for a refreshing alternative, buy your books at our local independent bookstore: Womrath's on Pondfield Road in downtown Bronxville.

For discussion in class:

Tariq Ali, Street-Fighting Years: An Autobiography of the Sixties (reading for the winter break)

Dang Thuy Tram, Last Night I Dreamed of Peace: The Diary of Dang Thuy Tram

Shirin Ebadi, Iran Awakening: One Woman's Journey to Reclaim her Life and Country

Frantz Fanon, A Dying Colonialism

Che Guevara, Congo Diary: The Story of Che Guevara's "Lost" Year in Africa

Dongping Han, The Unknown Cultural Revolution: Life and Change in a Chinese Village

George Katsiaficas, The Global Imagination of 1968: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Vijay Prashad, The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World

Mamphela Ramphele, Across Boundaries: The Journey of a South African Woman Leader

John Perkins, New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man

Victor Sebestyen, 1946


Reference:

Mary Lynn Rampolla, A Pocket Guide to Writing in History (9th edition, 2017)

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Seminar meetings
In preparation for our meetings, review the discussion questions embedded in the course schedule below. that will provide the starting points for our deliberations.


Class papers and presentations

Short papers on course readings are due on Monday, September 10, and Thursday, October 11. Students will present their papers to the class. Click here for guidelines.


Course journal
For every book on our syllabus (except for Mary Lynn Rampolla's Pocket Guide and George Katsiaficas's The Global Imagination of 1968), write a two-page essay that addresses the discussion question(s) for that book and supports your response with evidence from the text.  Journal entries must be submitted when we discuss the relevant books and will be returned in batches on November 1 and December 17.

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Conference Work

Students may undertake research on any aspect of the sixties in the United States or elsewhere. Writing based on this research may take various forms, including research papers, historiographical essays, annotated collections of primary documents, or historical fiction. Click here for guidelines. 

Here are the due dates for various phases of conference work:
Thursday, October 31 - prospectus and bibliography for the conference paper
Thursday, December 19 - detailed outline of the paper
Monday, February 4 - first draft of the paper

When we reconvene after the winter break, the whole seminar will read each student's first draft and discuss it in class. Conference papers will be expanded, revised, and polished in the spring.
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C L A S S    S C H E D U L E  

9/3
9/10
9/13
9/17
9/20
9/24
9/27
10/1
10/4
10/8
10/11
10/15
10/18
10/22
10/25
10/29
11/1
11/5
11/8
11/12
11/15
11/19
11/22
11/25
11/29
12/3
12/6
12/9
12/13
12/17
12/20
1/24

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Mon 9/3
Introduction to the Course

No reading assignment.

Draw a picture of the sixties-your vision of the era based on the images you've inherited from history courses and textbooks, from popular culture, and from your elders. Come to class with your drawing and be ready to present it to the class.

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Mon 9/10
Artifacts

Reading: Chris Harman, A People's History of the World, pp. 536-601 (PDF and course reader)

Find an artifact of the period 1945-1979, or a photograph of an artifact beyond your reach. What does this piece of historical evidence add to the picture presented in A People's History? Come to class with a one-page essay in response to this question and with your artifact or photo. Be prepared to read your essay to the seminar. For guidelines, click here.

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

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Thurs 9/13
Reading History

Reading: Rampolla, Pocket Guide, chapters 1-2 and sections a and b of chapter 3 (pp. 1-33)

Come to class with the Pocket Guide and a copy of Victor Sebestyen's 1946.

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Mon 9/17
Prelude I

Film: Attack and Retreat (1964)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

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Thurs 9/20
Prelude II

Film: Distant Thunder (1973)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

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Mon 9/24
Foundations

Reading: Sebestyen, 1946

Victor Sebestyen's introduction to this book posits that the year 1946 "laid the foundations of the modern world" (xvii). How well does the book support this claim? Might we draw different conclusions about 1946 if we looked at the year from the standpoint of ordinary people as opposed to the "great men" Sebestyen highlights?

ADDRESS THESE QUESTIONS IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Thurs 9/27
Open discussion

No reading asignment; instead, ponder this question: what do you know now that you wish you had known on September 1?

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Mon 10/1
Ascent
Reading: Prashad, The Darker Nations, introduction and part 1 (pp. xv-115)

As Vijay Prashad observes, the Third World was not a place but a project. What were that project's origins, and what were the main features of its evolution from the Brussels conference of 1927 to the Havana conference of 1966?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS

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Thurs10/4
Documents


Reading:
- Ho Chi Minh, Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam, September 2, 1945
- President Sukarno of Indonesia, Speech at the Opening of the Bandung Conference, April 18, 1955
- National Liberation Front for South Vietnam, Program, 1960
- Julius Nyerere, "Ujamaa - The Basis of African Socialism" April 1962
- Ernesto Che Guevara, "Message to the Tricontinental," 1967
- Rius, The Tupamaros, adapted from Los Agachados, 1968
- Octavio Getino and Fernando Solanas, "Towards a Third Cinema" ("Hacia un tercer cine”), excerpt, Tricontinental no. 14, October 1969

Click here for links to all of these documents except for The Tupamaros, in the course reader and distributed as a PDF.

How do these documents fit into, enlarge and/or contradict the picture of the Third World movement presented by Vijay Prashad? In class, teams of students will present answers to this question in regard to specific documents.

CLASS ENDS AT 1:00.

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Mon 10/8
Research Tools

No reading assignment.

CLASS MEETS IN THE LIBRARY FOR BIBLIOGRAPHIC INSTRUCTION.

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Thurs 10/11
The Politics of Eros

Reading: Katsiaficas, The Global Imagination of 1968 (or the earlier edition, titled The Imagination of the New Left: A Global Analysis of 1968), parts I and II, pp. 3-173

Find a primary source that exemplifies the eros effect, circa 1968-1970. Write a two-page essay that explains how this source articulates the politics of eros. Come to class with your essay and your primary source, and be ready to read the essay to the seminar.
Click here for guidelines.

NO JOURNAL ENTRY FOR THIS BOOK; WRITE THE PAPER INSTEAD.

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Mon 10/15
Inspiration

Reading: Dang, Last Night I Dreamed of Peace

How do you explain Dang Thuy Tram's perseverance in the face of the hardships she endured and the suffering she witnessed?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Thurs 10/18
Complications

Reading: Prashad, The Darker Nations, part 2 (pp. 119-203)

Here, Vijay Prashad considers the Third World Movement's internal flaws. Which of these flaws strike you as the most significant?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Mon 10/22
October Break -
NO CLASS MEETING

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Thurs 10/25
Urban Guerrillas

Film: The Battle of Algiers (1966)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

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Mon 10/29
In the Countryside

Reading: Fanon, A Dying Colonialism

This book explores the cultural side of Algerians' revolution against French colonialism. How did culture matter to the balance of power in that conflict?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS. (To do justice to this assignment, you must read with an open mind, avoiding the erroneous assumption that the book relates a predictable story of Algerians' loyalty to an indigenous culture that the French wish to wipe out. What Fanon has to tell us is more complicated than that.)

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Thurs 11/1
Detachment

Film: Memorias del Subdesarrollo/Memories of Underdevelopment (1968)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

HAND IN PROSPECTUS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR THE CONFERENCE PROJECT. EMAIL A COPY TO THE WHOLE SEMINAR.

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Mon 11/5
A Revolutionary Woman

Reading: Ramphele, Across Boundaries

What does this book reveal about the gender dynamics of South Africa's movement against apartheid? Given what we've gleaned from other sources studied over the past two months, do you think the patterns Ramphele describes extended into other parts of the Third World Movement?

ADDRESS THESE QUESTIONS IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Thurs 11/8
Conference Projects

Reading: classmates' prospectuses and bibliographies

In class, we'll discuss these questions with respect to each project: What are its most promising and most challenging aspects? What is its greatest significance for historians of the sixties? We'll discuss each project for about ten minutes. Be ready to lead the discussion of your own project, starting with your responses to the questions about its promise, its challenges, and its significance.

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

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Mon 11/12
The Imperfections of Internationalism: Cuba in the Congo

Reading: Guevara, Congo Diary

Che Guevara opens the book with a warning: "This is the story of a failure" (15). What does he mean by that, and was the failure he describes inevitable?

ADDRESS THESE QUESTIONS IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Thurs 11/15
The Cultural Revolution I: Second Thoughts

Reading: explore the Morning Sun website at http://www.morningsun.org

One of the chief slogans of the Cultural Revolution was "Smash the Old," meaning do away with ideas, culture, customs, and habits associated with counterrevolutionaries--or revolutionaries who seemed soft on counterrevolution. To judge from the Morning Sun website, what motivated this campaign against old ways and what did it accomplish?

Film: Morning Sun (2003)


CLASS ENDS AT 1:30.

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Mon 11/19
The Cultural Revolution II: Contested Memory

Reading: Han, The Unknown Cultural Revolution

This book challenges Morning Sun's assessments of the Cultural Revolution. How do you account for the sharp difference in perspectives? Does the disagreement matter beyond China's borders? If so, how? If not, why not?

ADDRESS THESE QUESTIONS IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Thurs 11/22
Thanksgiving Break - NO CLASS MEETING

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Mon 11/25
Open discussion

Now that the semester is winding down, what is your strategy for completing all that you need to accomplish by the start of the winter break?

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Thurs 11/29
Suppression

Reading: Prashad, The Darker Nations, part 3 and conclusion (pp. 207-281)

In the book's final chapters, Vijay Prashad looks at ways in which the Third World Movement was undermined by external enemies. On the whole, would you say that the external forces did more or less damage than the internal flaws?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Mon 12/3
9/11/1973

Film: Missing (1982)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30

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Thurs 12/6
The Perils of United Fronts

Reading: Ebadi, Iran Awakening

As Shirin Ebadi makes clear, a great many Iranians who took part in the revolution of 1979 nevr imagined that it would give birth to a regime based on religious fundamentalism. What explains this miscalculation?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Mon 12/9
The Dangers of Debt

Film: Life and Debt (2001)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:00.

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Thurs 12/13
Behind the Curtain
Reading: Perkins, New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man

In the book's final chapters--"What You Can do" and "Things To Do"--John Perkins addresses Americans, suggesting that they are the people who can most decisively tackle the issues his confessions expose. Do you believe he's correct to think that leadership in this global struggle will come from inside the United States?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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Mon 12/17
October 5, 1988

Film: No (2012)

CLASS ENDS AT 1:30

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Thurs 12/20
Informal Meeting and Celebration

No reading assignment.

HAND IN A DETAILED OUTLINE OF THE CONFERENCE PAPER (one paper copy and a digital copy via email). THE DIGITAL COPY MUST BE IN MS WORD. DO NOT SUBMIT A PDF OR ANY OTHER READ-ONLY DOCUMENT.

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Thurs 1/24/2019 - first seminar meeting after the winter break
Autobiography as History

Read: Ali, Street Fighting Years

Although he lived elsewhere, the United States looms very large in Tariq Ali's memoir of the sixties. How do you account for that?

ADDRESS THIS QUESTION IN YOUR COURSE JOURNAL: TWO PAGES, DUE IN CLASS.

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